Hartford Institute Logo
Hartford Institute Site Map Hartford Seminary

Hartford Seminary
The Web

A Quick Question 

Do Church Growth Consultations Really Work?

The quick answer: 
  Yes - but typically only in the short term.

The longer answer:   Faced with declining membership, many church congregations naturally want to “do something.”  Some turn to church growth consultants for help.  But do these consultations really work?

In a study by C. Kirk Hadaway, he suggests that consultations are the “mainline equivalent of a revival” -- they can boost membership growth, but growth tapers off as enthusiasm wanes.  

“The results of this analysis clearly show that the consultations tend to have a positive effect on participating churches,” Hadaway wrote in the study.  “However, the positive effect does not last very long for most churches.”

Hadaway analyzed 208 Christian Churches (Disciples of Christ) that participated in church growth consultations from 1983 to 1986.  

The efficacy of church growth consultations poses an important question, because the majority of churches in the United States are either plateaued or declining in membership.  In response, a “church growth movement” has sprung up, offering an array of books, training conferences and workshops on church growth and evangelism, as well as specialized on-site consultations.

Hadaway’s analysis focused on evangelism and church growth/ congregational planning consultations conducted on-site at churches.  Most church growth consultants have not systematically evaluated the effectiveness of these consultations.  Typically, consultants can offer examples of churches where a consultation worked well, but can’t give statistical data on the percentages of churches that grew as a result or the average number of new members gained.  

The study was conducted with a list of churches provided by the National Evangelistic Association for Christian Churches (Disciples of Christ), now known as The Net Results Resource Center.  Typically, Net Results’ consultations come in two forms: a visit by a consultant who presents a pre-packaged evangelism/growth program aimed at inspiring, motivating and educating the congregation; or, a more customized approach aiding the congregation in developing a strategy of its own. 

Analysis revealed that the average church experienced a decline of 1.0% in participating membership in the year prior to the consultation.  In the year of the consultation, the average church grew by 1.7% in participating membership.  However, the positive effect did not continue, as the average church lost participating members in the two years following the consultation (see figure 6.1 in the full report). Similar results were observed in aggregate measures (see figure 6.2 in the full report).

Overall, 44% of the churches grew by at least one person in average worship attendance in the year prior to the consultation.  During the year of the consultation, this percentage increased to 50%.   Very few churches (only 12%) grew during the consultation year AND during the two subsequent years, suggesting that few churches are thoroughly ‘revitalized’ through church consultations.  

So what does it all mean for churches considering a church growth consultation? 

First, even with programs of short duration (1/2 day or 1 day), consultations do improve the membership, worship attendance and church school enrollment of the average participating church.  This was true even among many churches that did not follow through with the programs launched by the consultations. 

Second, however, very few churches see long-term growth.   After the initial enthusiasm wears off, churches tend to return to the “old ways” of doing things, and the emphasis on evangelism fades.  For real, long-term benefits to occur, churches must make deeper, more profound changes.  

“The challenge to church consultants is to create planning models that recognize these realities,” Hadaway concluded.  “That’s the only way to assist churches in the process of becoming vital, accepting institutions that reach out to the communities that surround them.”

C. Kirk Hadaway's full report titled "Do Church Growth Consultations Really Work?" is available for download in .pdf format.  If you do not have Adobe Acrobat to open this article, you may download it for free from their web site.

For more information on Church Growth and Decline, visit our section dedicated to the topic.

We also have a page that lists web sites for a wide range of church consultants.

Return to the Quick Question archive



Hartford Seminary
77 Sherman Street
Hartford, CT 06105
© 2000 - 2006 Hartford Seminary, Hartford Institute for Religion Research