|EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT|
|First proposed in 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA) to the U.S. Constitution was intended to assure equality of rights
at the federal and state levels without regard to sex. It was passed by
Congress on March 22, 1972, but failed to be ratified by a necessary 38
states prior to an extended deadline of June 6, 1982. Phyllis Schafly, the
Rev. Jerry Falwell, and the Moral Majority were key to mobilizing
opposition. Church leaders supporting the ERA justified their perspective
on the belief that God had created people as a single class, while
religious opponents argued that it violated the divine order of creation,
abrogating a husband's rightful dominance over his wife.
—Paula D. Nesbitt
D. G. Mathews, "Spiritual Warfare," Religion and American Culture 3(1993):129-154
D. G. Mathews and J. S. DeHart, Sex, Gender, and the Politics of ERA (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).
Erhard, Werner see est
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